11 February – 4 September 2016
Shown at Konstakademien.
The Artist is an exhibition that discusses what it means to be an artist, in both a contemporary and a historical context. The exhibition examines roles, ideals and myths, illustrating how artists have related to the values, audiences and markets of their time. It also looks at the power relationships constructed around notions of gender, ethnicity, sexuality and class. The ideal and the norms have changed over the course of history, but many of the roles and issues persist or return in a new form.
The role of the artist is anything but uniform. The court painter undertaking commissions for clients is a far cry from the bohemian wishing to live a life unshackled by establishment values. The exhibition considers a variety of artistic roles, as well as the myths surrounding them. It also shows just how numerous and influential female artists have been, and how they shook up the accepted notion of artists as male in the 1870s and ’80s.
In recent times, many artists have taken on the role of entrepreneur. Jeff Koons and Ernst Billgren, for instance, resemble modern business owners in a commercial market. In their time, too, Rosa Bonheur and Anders Zorn were extremely adept at building their personal brands, which helped them achieve huge success in the international market of the late 19th century. Even in the 17th-century Netherlands, the entrepreneurial artist played an important role, with Rembrandt and other Dutch painters finding clients among the emerging bourgeoisie.
The exhibition also illustrates artists’ attitudes to travel and other cultures through examples from history, including Egron Lundgren, Paul Gauguin and Ivan Aguéli. Sometimes, artists’ concepts of cultures foreign to them have been full of preconceived ideas and stereotypes, but there are also plenty of examples of artists who have worked to expose power structures and norms, Vibeke Tandberg and Meriç Algün Ringborg, for instance.
Throughout history, many artists have seen themselves as visionaries or prophets. Feminist artists like Siri Derkert and Gittan Jönsson have been critical of contemporary society while offering political visions of the future. Other artists have been concerned with visions of a more spiritual nature. This might involve seeking to connect the onlooker with inner worlds and spiritual dimensions, as in the works of the early 20th-century modernists Hilma af Klint and Vasily Kandinsky.
Co-produced by Konstakademien (The Royal Academy of Fine Arts), Moderna Museet and Nationalmuseum, the exhibition features art from the collections of these three institutions. On show will be close to 100 works by some of the biggest names in art history, from Rubens and Rembrandt via Renoir and Picasso to Cindy Sherman. To round out the exhibition, a small number of key works have been obtained on loan from other collections. The curatorial team comprises Margareta Gynning, Per Hedström and Carl Johan Olsson from Nationalmuseum, John Peter Nilsson and Andreas Nilsson from Moderna Museet Malmö, and Eva-Lena Bengtsson from Konstakademien.